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A Website for Psychotherapists

What are the Common Factors of Effective Psychotherapy?

Research shows effective therapy has certain ingredients that every therapist should be aware.


These ingredients are not model-specific. Meta-analytic studies show that no major treatment approach (e.g. CBT, psychodynamic, family systems) has proven superior to other approaches in treating psychiatric disorders. After decades of devotion and refinement, why has no treatment approach emerged as superior to the others?


The answer is that models are primarily effective, not because of their unique qualities, but because of therapeutic factors they all share. Known as the “common factors”, when these components of psychotherapy are present, positive outcomes are maximized. Learn more about the common factors on this site so you can emphasize them in your work.

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